Bed Bugs?
Latin Name: Cimex lectularius L.

Appearance: Bed bugs are flat, reddish-brown, oval insects about 3/16-inch long or the size of an apple seed. Swollen and reddish after a blood meal.

Habit: Cracks and crevices including mattress seams, sheets, furniture, behind baseboards, electrical outlet plates and picture frames. Often found in hotels, where they can travel from room to room and in visitors’ luggage.

Diet: Feed on blood.

Reproduction: Females can deposit one to five eggs a day, and may lay 200 to 500 eggs in a lifetime. Under normal room temperatures and with an adequate food supply, bed bugs can live over 300 days.
About Termite
Termites and their behavior: Termites are earthly social insects with highly structured colonies development characteristics. In their colonies, they have well developed caste system based on division of labor. The single nest system concentrated at one site may vary from subterranean galleries and chambers of distribute networks. In nature, these termites play significant role from breaking down of fallen wood to recycling the nutrients to soil. However, these attack and damage structural wood in homes and commercial buildings as pests. Since the birth of civilization, the utilization of timber has been a constituent of man-made constructions with damages to them from termites.

Termites can be generally be divided into two kinds i.e., subterranean and dry wood termites. The former are considered to be the most hazardous responsible for 80% of the problems caused by the termites as a whole. Fifteen different species of subterranean termites have been observed for vital damages at economical levels in the world. Most important subterranean termite species include Eastern subterranean termite, the dark Southern subterranean termite, the Western subterranean termite, Formosan subterranean termite and light Southern subterranean termite.

Subterranean termites are present in almost all the geographic regions of tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world. These are crypt biotic having great colony levels and their foraging activities are hidden under soil and wood within mud tubes. Their utilization of cellulose as food source is a strong reason for their successful survival due to less competition and inability of most animals to wood. They persist for a long time and the age of queen may vary from 15 years or more. The number of individuals in a colony may vary from about 0.2- 5 million with thirteen to fourteen colonies per acre.

Foraging of termites is seen at significant distances from their colonies of 79-100m Feasting rates of subterranean termites diverge between different colonies as a few colonies are extra insatiable than others. Different conditions that are whether the wood has been blight by conspecifics, the level of wood moisture food source size, position of food stuff and the presence of other palatable food material around the area have effects on foraging. In the termite colony, transmit cellulose from one member to other after foraging for food and feeding workers is done via trophallaxis, where mouth to mouth feeding in workerstransmit food into the mouth of another termite.

Tremendous losses to agricultural crops, forest trees and wood components in buildings are caused by different termite species. A large variety of crops such as sugarcane, cereals, coconut, date palm, cassava, yam, groundnuts, cocoa, tea and cotton are damaged by termites all around the world.

Control Method: Pre-Construction Termite Proofing

Horizontal Surface Treatment: An aqueous solution of termiticide is prepared and applied at a specific rate by means of pressure spraying horizontally to the foundation bases, sub slab plinth area (slab on grade) prior to casting the concrete slab and after the compaction of soil or gravel.

External perimeter trench treatment: A trench is to be excavated around the external perimeter of the foundation base (concrete slab) in a depth of 40 cm and width of 30 cm from slab where to apply aqueous solution of termiticide at a specific rate by means of pressure spraying onto the trench. In case of building structure with basement, the perimeter trench application shall be around the slab of the ground level.

Vertical Surface Treatment: The back fill soil surrounding the building and or the external walls from the basement to the ground level is treated as a vertical barrier. An aqueous solution of termiticide is prepared and applied at a specific rate by means of spraying, rodding and injecting to the linear surface in a width of 30 cm from boundary wall on each 100 cm depth of compacted back filled soil.

Warranty: Shinex Care also provide the warranty of Anti-Termite Treatment in both Stages (Pre-Construction & Post Contractions)